Re: [xmca] Artifacts, Tools and Classroom

From: Mary K. Bryson (
Date: Mon Jan 16 2006 - 09:01:58 PST

On 1/15/06 1:20 AM, "Steve Gabosch" <> wrote:

> The
> point LSV is making is that in this respect,
> tools and signs are similar and not
> different.

"A most essential difference between sign and tool, and the basis for the
real divergence of the two lines, is the different ways that they orient
human behavior. The tool's function is to serve as the conductor of human
influence on the object of activity; it is externally oriented; it must lead
to changes in objects. It is a means by which human external activity is
aimed at mastering, and triumphing over, nature. The sign on the other hand
changes nothing in the object of a psychological operation. It is a means of
internal activity aimed at mastering oneself; the sign is internally
oriented. These activities are so different from each other that the nature
of the means they use cannot be the same in both cases."
LSV, Mind in Society, P. 55

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