Re: [xmca] Dialogism-based models/tools

From: Peter Smagorinsky (
Date: Thu Mar 30 2006 - 03:28:14 PST

A good example of how Bakhtin's principles are applied to school-based
discussions of literature appears in Martin Nystrand's Opening Dialogue
(Teachers College Press, 1997). It got some attention on xmca awhile back:

I've also helped to chime in on literature discussions:
         Marshall, J. D., Smagorinsky, P., & Smith, M. W. (1995). The
language of interpretation: Patterns of discourse in discussions of
literature. NCTE Research Report No. 27. Urbana, IL: National Council of
Teachers of English.

My section of this project was also published as Smagorinsky, P. &
Fly, P. K. (1993). The social environment of the classroom: A Vygotskian
perspective on small group process. Communication Education, 42, 159-171.
which I have in pdf format and would be happy to send to anyone who's
interested. Peter

At 08:59 AM 3/30/2006 +0200, you wrote:
>Can perhaps some of you advice me on tools/methods/models used for a
>dialogism-based understanding of people's conversations? One such model,
>called "Initiative-response analysis" was for example presented in P.
>Linell, L. Gustavsson, and P. Juvonen. Interactional dominance in dyadic
>communication: a presentation of initiative-response analysis. Linguistics,
>26:415--442, 1988, but it would be interesting to see more tools like this.
>One could of course always start by using software such as NVivo and go for
>a very open-minded approach and see what themes and topics that appear from
>a material. However, as far I as know, that requires a whole lot of
>understanding from the researcher at the start, in order to know what to
>look for in the conversations. Therefore, it would be interesting to hear
>more about your experiences from using analytical tools and models to
>understand dialogs along the lines of Bakhtin/Volosinov/Holquist and others.
>Patrik Bergman
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