Re: [xmca] A request for guidance

From: David Kellogg <vaughndogblack who-is-at>
Date: Fri May 02 2008 - 15:52:19 PDT

Dear Anne:
  The reason why it's sometimes hard to find stuff on this is that, like any NEW topic, it keeps getting new names.
  The best I've read is:
  Murphey, T. (2001) Exploring conversational shadowing. Language Teaching Research 5 (2) 128-155.
  Murphey's interested in a rather specific kind of private speech, the one where you repeat the last few words you've heard to yourself as if to try to fix them in a short term memory so that you can study them.
  The reason why I think Murphey's work is so good is that he really doesn't try to give you private speech as a single category the way most people do; he recognizes that ANY kind of speech is multifunctional and we are going to need a bit more precision if we are going to make any sense of private speech.
  What I do NOT recommend is what has become, alas, the key text in this field:
  Lantolf, J.P. (1997) The function of language play in the acquisition of L2 Spanish. In Glass and Perez-Leroux eds. Contemporary Perspectives on the Acquisition of Spanish. Vol. 2 Somerville: Cascadilla Press. 3-24.
  This is the stuff that appears in Lantolf and Thorne. Contrary to the name, it's not about play and contrary to the implication, it's not about kids. It's really about private speech, but private speech dissolved into a much larger category ("play") and thus private speech robbed of any explanatory power.
  David Kellogg
  Seoul National University of Education

anne radowick <> wrote:
  Dear Professors,

I have been on the side of the pool watching you all frolicking in the deep waters. Can I ask you to come over in to the not-so-deep end for a moment?

I am trying to write a paper on private and inner speech in second language learners, particularly adults. Perhaps I haven't worded my search requests quite right up until now, but I am not finding an abundance of information on adults. Would anyone happen to know in which direction I should turn to find someone who has done any research on this topic? I would like to compare the success in SLA between adults who are active producers of private speech and those who don't seem to use it much, if at all. If there is a clear advantage, can learners be trained to consciously produce more private speech to enhance their SLL experience?

Any pointers you might be able to offer on this subject would be greatly appreciated.

Very truly yours,

Anne Radowick
Inha University
Incheon, Korea

> From: xmca-request who-is-at> Subject: xmca Digest, Vol 35, Issue 67> To:> Date: Tue, 29 Apr 2008 08:07:43 -0700> > Send xmca mailing list submissions to>> > To subscribe or unsubscribe via the World Wide Web, visit>> or, via email, send a message with subject or body 'help' to>> > You can reach the person managing the list at>> > When replying, please edit your Subject line so it is more specific> than "Re: Contents of xmca digest..."> > > Today's Topics:> > 1. FW: Funding opportunities at the National Center for Special> Education Research (Peter Smagorinsky)> 2. Re: DIALECTICAL PSYCHOLOGY SECTION, GROUPE and SEMINAR> (Martin Packer)> 3. Re: DIALECTICAL PSYCHOLOGY SECTION, GROUPE and SEMINAR> (Andy Blunden)> > > ----------------------------------------------------------------------> > Message: 1> Date: Tue, 29 Apr 2008 05:59:49
> From: "Peter Smagorinsky" > Subject: [xmca] FW: Funding opportunities at the National Center for> Special Education Research> To: "langandlit" , "lego"> , "'eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity'"> , > Message-ID: <004b01c8a9df$c3282b90$497882b0$@edu>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii"> > From: Caffrey, Erin [] > Sent: Monday, April 28, 2008 4:12 PM> Subject: Funding opportunities at the National Center for Special Education> Research> > > > Good afternoon, researchers! > > I am contacting researchers who have recently published in Reading Research> Quarterly. I am a program officer at the National Center for Special> Education Research (NCSER) at the Institute of Education Sciences (IES),> U.S. Department of Education. I am writing to start a conversation about> possible funding opportunities. Many of you are already very aware of> IES/NCSER
. Some of you have existing projects or current applications. A> handful of you have already contacted me regarding the fiscal year 2009> request for applications (RFA). > > IES's over-arching priority is funding research that contributes to> improved academic achievement for all students. At NCSER, we are> particularly interested in improving outcomes for children and students with> disabilities. Our research programs focus on identifying, developing, and> validating interventions and measures that contribute to improving outcomes> for students with disabilities. I am attaching NCSER's request for> applications RFA here I> encourage you to pass the RFA along to your colleagues, especially those who> conduct school-based research or those who would be willing to conduct> research in both clinical settings and school settings.> > I would be happy to discuss funding opportunities through email or over the> phone (202-219-2126). Pl
ease let me know if you have any questions.> > Best, > Erin > > > > ------------------------------> > Message: 2> Date: Tue, 29 Apr 2008 09:58:35 -0500> From: Martin Packer
> Subject: Re: [xmca] DIALECTICAL PSYCHOLOGY SECTION, GROUPE and SEMINAR> To: "eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity" > Message-ID: > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1> > Ed,> > My message came from a genuine confusion about the links among messages from> Andy, Elinami and David. Three types of confusion seemed to me to be going> on, though I'm still not sure.> > First, a confusion between the analytic categories used by academics and> everyday understanding. Linguists use concepts such as 'subject,' 'verb' and> 'grammar' in their intellectual reconstruction of speech. But there is> little reason to think that the everyday use of language requires the use of> such concepts, even at an unconscious level. This is something that Bourdi
eu> writes about convincingly. Researchers, in his view, generally fail to> examine their own procedures of objectification, and as a result attribute> the products of their analyses to the people being studied.> > But, second, a more prevalent confusion, in my view, is to think that *any*> kind of intelligent behavior requires the use of concepts. Here the guilty> party is Kant, as Andy was pointing out some time back. Kant pretty much> gave birth to the view that has become common-sense today, that humans> construct mental representations of the world around us. Once one has> accepted a dualistic ontology of mind and world the relationship between the> two becomes a problem, and Kant's attempt at a solution was to propose that> the relationship is one of representation. Mental categories and concepts> underly all human action and knowledge, to this way of thinking. Hegel, Marx> and Vygotsky can be read as collaborators in an attempt to reject this view> and find a good alt
ernative. If I understand it correctly (a dubious> presumption!), Ilyenkov's notion of the "thinking-body" is intended to be> the center of a model which proposes that intelligent human thought and> action is possible without mental representations. Humans are first of all a> corporal, incarnate intelligence. This is not to say that mental> representations are impossible, but that they are not necessary for smart> practical action. The formation of both mind and mental representations> might be a result of living in modern society, somewhere along the> ontogenetic line. (Bourdieu also explores such a model with his concept of> habitus. Merleau-Ponty is important too.)> > But, third, I find I cannot completely agree with Sasha when he suggests> that practical understanding is more adequate than a scientfic> understanding. Of course it all depends on what one means by scientific. But> when Sasha writes that "the knife is something basically simple" and that a> "practical notio
n" of it is fully adequate, I find myself wondering how this> squares with Marx's description of the apparently simply commodities of> everyday life. The ability to use a knife to cut is certainly a "valid"> understanding of it. And (again) it is an understanding which requires no> mental representation. (Perhaps we will want to say (as I think Vygotsky> does) that there is a concept (or complex) *in* the practical action. That> is a notion that in my view deserves to be explored in much more detail.)> But is a knife only this? I think Marx would have said that a more> scientific understanding of a knife would include a grasp of the history of> its cultural evolution, its links with others tools, how to make it and keep> it sharp, and the relations of its production and exchange... I share> Shasha's frustration with the kind of scholastic (schoolboy, scholarly)> knowledge which seeks to replace practical knowledge and declare its> superiority, but I can't agree that the abil
ity to use the tool is all that> is needed, or all that is possible.> > Martin> > > On 4/28/08 6:36 PM, "Ed Wall" wrote:> > > Martin> > > > I was composing a reply and thinking that it doesn't seem, for> > example, that a particular conception of hammer would contain all its> > uses. Perhaps what is confusing for me is 'use' is a little like> > game (re Wittgenstein) and 'the concept' isn't. What happens if one> > introduces 'the use' and 'conception' into the mix?> > > > Ed> > > > > > > > On Apr 28, 2008, at 4:13 PM, Martin Packer wrote:> > > >> Ed,> >> > >> I suppose that arguably the concept of a hammer will include a bit> >> of use.> >> (Though it's interesting how many are declaring that they don't> >> know what a> >> concept is!) But does that mean that the use of a hammer will> >> include a bit> >> of concept?> >> > >> Martin> >> > >> > >> On 4/28/08 2:36 PM, "Ed Wall" wrote:> >> > >>> Martin> >>> > >>> Now I'm confused. You say 'us
e a hammer' and then 'not use the> >>> concept of a 'hammer."' I suspect I don't know what a 'concept' of a> >>> hammer is, but wouldn't it include a bit of use?> >>> > >>> Ed> >>> > >>> On Apr 28, 2008, at 12:18 PM, Martin Packer wrote:> >>> > >>>> David, I'm confused. Are you saying it would be impossible for> >>>> someone to> >>>> use a hammer and not use the concept of "hammer"?> >>>> > >>>> Martin> >>>> > >>>> > >>>> On 4/28/08 7:25 AM, "David Kellogg" > >>>> wrote:> >>>> > >>>>> I don't understand, Elinami. How is it possible to be a language> >>>>> user and NOT> >>>>> use concepts like "subject", "verb", "speaker", "grammar" etc.?> >>>>> Even if you> >>>>> say that concept use has to be conscious, isn't the self itself a> >>>>> concept?> >>>>> > >>>>> David Kellogg> >>>>> Seoul National University of Education> >>>>> > >>>>> > >>>>> > >>>>> Elinami Swai wrote:> >>>>> I cannot resist Andy, who are these tribal people?> >>>>>
Elinami.> >>>>> > >>>>> On 4/27/08, Andy Blunden wrote:> >>>>>> Sasha,> >>>>>> I just wanted to probe you little on this question of concept> >>>>>> (Begriff) vs> >>>>>> "abstract general" (or complex or "representation", etc).> >>>>>> > >>>>>> It seems to me that all of us, unless we have a psychiatric> >>>>>> problem or brain> >>>>>> damage or something serious, by the time we become adults operate> >>>>>> with> >>>>>> concepts. I notice that most theorists do not understand well> >>>>>> what a concept> >>>>>> is and even the average Nobel Prize Winner cannot distinguish> >>>>>> clearly> >>>>>> between an abstract general notion and a genuine concept. But> >>>>>> nonetheless we> >>>>>> all use genuine concepts. Difficulty in theoretically making this> >>>>>> distinction explicit is a matter really of whether you have been> >>>>>> exposed to> >>>>>> Hegelian ideas or Marx, Vygotsky, or other philosophy which> >>>>>> incorporates> >>>>>> these insights. Tribal people for ex
ample, just as much as Logical> >>>>>> Positivist philosophers, use concepts. Is that your understanding> >>>>>> as well?> >>>>>> > >>>>>> Andy> >>>>>> > >>>>>> > >>>>>> Martin Packer wrote:> >>>>>>> ------ Forwarded Message> >>>>>>> From: Alexander Surmava> >>>>>>> Date: Sun, 27 Apr 2008 13:01:03 +0400> >>>>>>> To: 'Martin Packer'> >>>>> > >>>>>>> Cc: Mike Cole> >>>>>>> Subject: RE: Life, psyche, consciousness.doc> >>>>>>> > >>>>>>> Dear Martin,> >>>>>>> You write:> >>>>>>> To my reading, Ilyenkov's concept of ideality, based on the> >>>>>>> notion of the> >>>>>>> thinking-body, is not the same as suggesting that artifacts> >>>>>>> have a> >>>>>> cultural> >>>>>>> meaning. To me, this risks reintroducing a dualism between> >>>>>>> matter and> >>>>>>> meaning. It is a short step, to my view mistaken, to the belief> >>>>>>> that the> >>>>>>> natural sciences study matter, while the social sciences study> >>>>>>> meaning. It> >>>>>>> also leads one to think that each artifact
has a single meaning.> >>>>>>> Sasha,> >>>>>> when> >>>>>>> you said that the child really understands "the meaning" of the> >>>>>>> knife, I'm> >>>>>>> sure you would agree that a child cannot grasp the complexity of> >>>>>>> the> >>>>>>> relations that a single artifact like a knife has with society> >>>>>>> as a whole.> >>>>>>> Nor can a peasant understand the full complexity of the social> >>>>>>> world in> >>>>>>> which they are living, even though they have great practical> >>>>>>> wisdom.> >>>>>>> > >>>>>>> > >>>>>>> I entirely share your idea that ³Ilyenkov's concept of ideality,> >>>>>>> based on> >>>>>>> the notion of the thinking-body, is not the same as suggesting> >>>>>>> that> >>>>>>> artifacts have a cultural meaning? The latter is something banal> >>>>>>> and> >>>>>>> doesnıt need the first. No one of semiotics will disagree with> >>>>>>> the> >>>>>> statement> >>>>>>> that each artifact has some ³cultural meaning? while all of them> >>>>>>> have> >>>>>>>
hardly ever heard the very concept of ³thinking body?and> >>>>>>> evidently donıt> >>>>>>> need in this notion.> >>>>>>> As well we never declare something like the statement ³that the> >>>>>>> natural> >>>>>>> sciences study matter, while the social sciences study meaning?> >>>>>>> As for a child with a knife we do insist that to have a real> >>>>>> understanding,> >>>>>>> real idea of knife a child needs only to be taught by adult how> >>>>>>> to use it> >>>>>> in> >>>>>>> historically developed cultural manner. The knife is a tool> >>>>>>> which helps> >>>>>>> humans to cut something and a child who practically grasps this> >>>>>>> mode of> >>>>>>> operation and adequately utilizes the knife has a valid idea of> >>>>>>> knife. All> >>>>>>> complexities ³of the relations that a single artifact like a> >>>>>>> knife has> >>>>>> with> >>>>>>> society as a whole?can add nothing to this plain fact. The> >>>>>>> role of> >>>>>> society> >>>>>>> consists in elaborating the a
rtifact and in teaching new> >>>>>>> generations the> >>>>>> way> >>>>>>> to utilize it.> >>>>>>> The knife is something basically simple. The absolute majority> >>>>>>> of mankind,> >>>>>>> those who use knifes in their everyday life needs and have only> >>>>>>> practical> >>>>>>> notion of knives. On the contrary something that pretends to be a> >>>>>>> ³scientific notion?of knife is something ridiculous and> >>>>>>> scholastic.> >>>>>>> In exactly the same way illiterate, but experienced peasant has> >>>>>>> real,> >>>>>>> practical notion say of melon, while a schoolboy with all his> >>>>>>> ³scientific> >>>>>>> definitions?is far from real comprehension of it. He can> >>>>>>> successfully eat> >>>>>>> melon but he hardly can plant it. And here just as in previous> >>>>>>> case ³the> >>>>>>> full complexity of the social world in which they are living?has> >>>>>>> nothing> >>>>>> to> >>>>>>> do with the idea of melon.> >>>>>>> Surely there are objects which canıt be
grasped practically by a> >>>>>>> single> >>>>>>> person. Thus for example an idea of agriculture as a socially and> >>>>>>> historically developed system of relations which combines> >>>>>>> individual> >>>>>> forces> >>>>>>> of people over the cooperative process of production and> >>>>>>> distribution> >>>>>> canıt be realized in abstract practical manner. Such attempts> >>>>>> can be> >>>>>> resulted in a> >>>>>>> way similar to famous fable about three blind and an elephant.> >>>>>>> The same we can say about such an object as atom or nuclear> >>>>>>> particle. A> >>>>>>> single person never deals practically with such objects. Only a> >>>>>> theoretical> >>>>>>> culture ?which is essentially a special type of cooperative> >>>>>>> practice> >>>>>>> ?lt;br>> can> >>>>>>> grasp the notion of such objects.> >>>>>>> Explaining all this I meet a great difficultness with the lack> >>>>>>> of proper> >>>>>>> English terminology (or, probably, my poor knowledge of> >>>>>>> Eng
lish). In> >>>>>> German> >>>>>>> and in Russian there is a clear distinction between two notions,> >>>>>>> and two> >>>>>>> terms: Begriff = ponıatie, and Vorstellung = predstavlenije.> >>>>>>> The highest form in development of thinking is obviously ponıatie> >>>>>> (Begriff).> >>>>>>> And in the same time it is the universal form of thinking. While> >>>>>>> predstavlenije (Vorstellung) is subordinated notion. The obscheje> >>>>>> (general)> >>>>>>> predstavlenije is understood in dialectical culture as a meaning> >>>>>>> of word,> >>>>>>> like something that enables us to distinguish among the known> >>>>>>> and fixed in> >>>>>>> the matter of language culture objects. But one can have> >>>>>>> predsatavlenije> >>>>>>> without having understanding of the essence of the object.> >>>>>>> Thus the brilliant illustration of such divergence of two> >>>>>>> forms of> >>>>>> thinking> >>>>>>> (Predstavlenija and Ponıatia) are so called ³artificial notions?> >>>>>>> from> >>>
>>>> Vygotsky-Sakharovıs experiments, as well as many similar> >>>>>>> constructions> >>>>>> from> >>>>>>> psychological theory. The artificial notion is an empty notion,> >>>>>>> which is> >>>>>>> something that cannot be understood not because their utmost> >>>>>>> complexity> >>>>>> but> >>>>>>> because their utmost vacancy. Logically as ³artifcial notion?we> >>>>>>> have an> >>>>>>> evident example of general definition (obshchego> >>>>>>> predstavlenija), not> >>>>>>> understanding (ne ponıatie). So it corresponds not with> >>>>>>> dialectic logic> >>>>>> both> >>>>>>> in its Hegel and Marxist form, but with formal logic, with logic> >>>>>>> of John> >>>>>>> Locke.> >>>>>>> And this distinction is not something academically formal but> >>>>>>> the core> >>>>>>> distinction for dialectically thinking researcher. Thus Davydov> >>>>>>> based all> >>>>>>> his theory of developmental instruction just on this> >>>>>>> distinction. (Iım> >>>>>> going> >>>>>>> to ask Peter
Moxhay ?the translator of Davidovıs latest book -> >>>>>>> how he> >>>>>> cope> >>>>>>> the problem with insufficiency of English terminology in this> >>>>>>> case.)> >>>>>>> As for the idea of ³thinking body?it is equal to basically new> >>>>>>> and in> >>>>>> the> >>>>>>> same time genuine Marxist and Spinozian idea of thinking as not> >>>>>>> banal> >>>>>>> manipulation with words and other conventional signs, but as a> >>>>>>> special way> >>>>>>> of acting of one (active or ³thinking?body) according to the> >>>>>>> shape of the> >>>>>>> other body, taken in the moment of its live realization.> >>>>>>> All this was fundamentally explored in Ilyenkovıs works and I> >>>>>>> agree with> >>>>>> you> >>>>>>> that the joint rereading of this works would be extremely useful> >>>>>>> for all> >>>>>> of> >>>>>>> us as a step to rethinking the traditional understanding of CHAT.> >>>>>>> Sincerely,> >>>>>>> > >>>>>>> Sasha> >>>>>>> > >>>>>>> > >>>>>>> __________________________
_____________________> >>>>>>> xmca mailing list> >>>>>>> xmca who-is-at> >>>>>>>> >>>>>>> > >>>>>>> > >>>>>> > >>>>>> --> >>>>>> ------------------------------------------------------------------> >>>>>> --> >>>>>> ----> >>>>>> Andy Blunden +61 3 9380 9435 Skype> >>>>>> andy.blunden> >>>>>> > >>>>>> > >>>>>> _______________________________________________> >>>>>> xmca mailing list> >>>>>>> >>>>>>> >>>>>> > >>>>> > >>>> > >>>> > >>>> _______________________________________________> >>>> xmca mailing list> >>>>> >>>>> >>>> > >>>> > >>> > >>> _______________________________________________> >>> xmca mailing list> >>>> >>>> >> > >> > >> _______________________________________________> >> xmca mailing list> >> xmca@weber.u> >>> >> > >> > > > > _______________________________________________> > xmca mailing list> > xmca who-is-at> >> > > > > ------------------------------> > Message: 3> Date: Wed, 30 Apr 2008 01:07:17 +1000> From: Andy Blunden > Subject: Re: [xmca] DIALECTICAL PSYCHOLOGY SECTION, GROUPE and SEMINAR> To: "eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity" > Message-ID: <>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1; format=flowed> > Martin, thanks for that ... still thinking about it ....> > What distinction do you make between concept (Begriff) and > the specificially *scientific* concept. It seems to me that > a concept can be fully concrete without being scientific. Do > you agree?> > Andy> > Martin Packer wrote:> > Ed,> > > > My message came from a genuine confusion about the links among messages from> > Andy, Elinami and David. Thr

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