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Re: [xmca] Trying to stop the strands from unravelling
Ooops, hit reply by accident, sorry.
I agree with your characterization of xmca and mca, David. Working to make
the second as much like the first as possible, and really liked the old
Newsletter method, but lost out to the younger generation.... it were ever
On mastery and internalization.
I think you are focused on the wrong example there. The distinction becomes
important with respect to historical narratives, and, as I recall,
Jim's contention that Soviet russians mastered the narrative of dialectical
materialism they were taught more often than I was taught California
history, but did not internalize it in the sense of making it the inner
fabric of consciousness.
I know what he is referring to, but I sure enough met a lot of Soviet who
had internalized at least parts of the dominant ideology of the times and I
have a few examples which I cannot understand except as mastery which
depends upon internalization: Use of a mental abacus by experts for example.
As to balderized unthreaded learning -- here I see it most clearly expressed
when a college student on the opening day of class asks"Are we going to be
tested on material from before the mid term on the final?" and who expects
multiple choice questions will be the evidence based coin of the realm.
On Sat, Apr 24, 2010 at 4:10 PM, mike cole <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
> On Sat, Apr 24, 2010 at 3:08 PM, David Kellogg <email@example.com>wrote:
>> Yukyeong and I feel Carol's pain.One of the perennial questions on the
>> Civil Service exam for teachers here in Korea is about the differences
>> between Piaget and Vygotsky. The problem is that there is really no textbook
>> at all for this exam, and very few sources available in Korean. So most of
>> my poor undergrads rely on cramming books.
>> The cramming books deliberately keep threads from developing, and
>> "untangle" questions by unravelling every system into a set of PPTs followed
>> by lists of mock exam questions, The clash of Titans is reduced to a Punch
>> and Judy, "Piaget Made Easy" against "Vygotsky for Dummies" (Piaget, you
>> see, thought the child was a lonely explorer, and Vygotsky believed that you
>> never walk alone. Now, Ausubel....)
>> Yesterday Yukyeong asked me (for the millionth time) why, if Vygotsky was
>> such a believer in the social child, he is so interested in DNA research
>> (because he is always talking about genetics). I explained for the millionth
>> time that the word "genetic" does not mean the Korean word that is used to
>> mistranslate it in the cramming books, but instead means, variously,
>> phylogenetic evolution, sociogenetic history, ontogenetic development, and
>> even microgenetic learning. But not even phylogenetic evolution is well
>> described as a struggle between selfish genes manipulating organisms as
>> their avatar proxies, because evolution is as much about exaptation as about
>> Yukyeong's eyes light up, but only briefly. Here, you see, it says that
>> Piaget is a structuralist. But isn't he a constructivist? And isn't Vygotsky
>> a structuralist and a constructivist too? We put down the cramming book
>> lists and turn to Vygotsky, in our translation in progress. We notice that
>> when Vygotsky uses the word "structural" in Thinking and Speech, the words
>> "functional" and "genetic" are never very far away.
>> Vygotsky and Piaget are simply not doing what Kuhn would call "normal
>> science" where there is a shared paradigm. Kuhn would say they are in the
>> prescientific era, where each school has its own set of tools, its own set
>> of procedures, and consequently, and its own largely empirical
>> and pre-theoretical model of the object of study, like the "electricians" of
>> the eighteenth century who variously conceived of electricity as beam of
>> light, as a stream of fluid, or as a degringolade of material corpuscles.
>> I don't think Vygotsky is trying to synthesize the structural, functional
>> and genetic approaches to the topic. So he's not a structuralist, or a
>> functionalist, or even a geneticist (and he's actually quite hard on
>> Piaget's whole genetic approach). But he's not an eclectic either. Vygotsky
>> wants to see if there is any common object of study there and then work out
>> the best method of study based on what that common object of study is and
>> what the specific problem we have to solve might be.
>> If an automobile (or a mind) really is a bunch of parts (but not just a
>> bunch of parts), a means of performing a set of functions (but not reducible
>> to these functions) or a modern invention (but not simply a clever
>> invention) then there is something there we can study, and we can work out
>> the best procedures for studying it according to the specific problems we
>> want to study.
>> Wertsch is interested in pole vaulting (in "Mind as Action") or at least
>> in using pole vaulting as an example. So it makes sense for him to
>> distinguish between mastery and conscious awareness, and even for him to
>> reject the whole idea of "internalization". It doesn't seem very useful for
>> a pole vaulter to be consciously aware of what he is doing, or to
>> "internalize" the difference between a bamboo pole and a fiberglass or
>> carbon-fibre one, and it makes sense to talk about the vaulter
>> "appropriating" a new pole and a new skill.
>> But the specific problems I want to study all have to do with language. To
>> seize conscious awareness of language is to be able to modify a sentence at
>> absolutely any point (as I am doing when I write this). The way in which I
>> master this ability is to become conscious (and only then oblivious) of
>> rules, that is, to internalize them and then to become myself internal to
>> them (I think when we speak of internalization it really makes more sense to
>> think of inside a family, a community, or a city rather than inside a body
>> or a brain).
>> So I think that for the specific problems I want to research there is no
>> point in distinguishing between conscious awareness and mastery, or
>> rejecting internalization for appropriation, or even privileging object
>> oriented activity over activities which are much less obviously object
>> directed, e.g. daily conversation, foreign language learning, child
>> development, and language change.
>> I think that MCA and xmca are very different, and I am always sorry but
>> not really surprised when told by reviewers that I can be a peer in one but
>> not the other. I like to think of myself as primarily a researcher and only
>> secondarily a kvetch, but my record says otherwise.
>> Any sailor will tell you that their are two methods to keep ropes from
>> unraveling. In the first, you braid the loose ends of the rope into the
>> loose ends of another rope and you keep going. In the second, you cover the
>> loose ends with tar or hot wax, or else, if it's one of those new plastic
>> ropes, you just take out your lighter and melt it. I think xmca tends to
>> privilege the first method, and MCA tends to privilege the second.
>> David Kellogg
>> Seoul National University of Education
>> --- On *Sat, 4/24/10, mike cole <firstname.lastname@example.org>* wrote:
>> From: mike cole <email@example.com>
>> Subject: Re: [xmca] Trying to stop the strands from unravelling
>> To: "eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
>> Date: Saturday, April 24, 2010, 9:57 AM
>> Carol--- I learn from xmca discussions mostly because they are NOT
>> journal articles, but reflections up, extensions of, musings about, ideas
>> that appear after having been peer reviewed. And as we have often seen,
>> members of xmca are not always enamored of the judgments of the reviewers
>> and editors!!
>> The relation of "metacognition" to other concepts that refer generally to
>> thinking about thinking (and thinking about thinking-as-action and perhaps
>> thinking about thinking also as action?) seems quite worthwhile. You did
>> use the term, reflexivity, but that seems relevant as well, along with
>> David Kel, was your use of mastery related to jim w's distinction between
>> mastery and internalization?
>> On Sat, Apr 24, 2010 at 7:30 AM, Carol Macdonald <email@example.com<http://firstname.lastname@example.org>
>> > Hi guys
>> > Since I have been underemployed for a while I have been able to pay
>> > reasonable attention to the very interesting recent postings.
>> > What concerns me is the fact that one or more conversations land up with
>> > concepts that are not really CHAT concepts, while on another
>> > people have been trying to build up further theory on the nature of the
>> > (including Bakhtin, dialogicality, intersubjectivity etc) and the nature
>> > concepts in chapters 5 & 6 of LSV.
>> > First we have the introduction of concepts such as *metacognition* (this
>> > was
>> > Nancy in late March). I wrote about the unviability of teaching
>> > skills a while back, so I thought I might be of help bringing this
>> > essentially educational psychology concept up to date and tell XMCA why
>> > shouldn't use it. To my dismay I found that there is now a whole
>> > dedicated to metacognition and learning, and looking at a few articles,
>> > is clear that the concept has been diluted and confused, especially when
>> > compared with the original version Flavell laid out. So I decided to not
>> > regale my conversation partners with my view and wish here only to point
>> > out
>> > that metacognition is *not* a CHAT concept, and to make a plea to guard
>> > against unwelcome intruders. So far so god.
>> > Then we have more recently *conscious awareness* and *mastery* described
>> > a nontechnical situation. David K, in his ever constructive self,
>> > immediately tried to incorporate them. I do not have such a problem
>> > with *mastery
>> > *as Jim Wertsch wrote about it in 1998 in *Mind in Action* and I have
>> > this in educational analysis. (Jim says its LSV, San Diego). However, it
>> > essentially a characteristic of the individual. It is necessary but not
>> > sufficient for *appropriation.*
>> > Ironically *conscious awareness *is quite close to aspects of
>> > metacognition,
>> > but if I am right, it is essentially a characteristic of the individual,
>> > and
>> > I would want to know how it fits into our currently received analysis of
>> > the
>> > ZPD (on the file serve). Maybe we can talk about the teacher and the
>> > learner
>> > both having conscious awareness, but they would have to be brought into
>> > some
>> > relation because they would be different for the two. How does it relate
>> > potential and real concepts, or is this another conversation?
>> > I either need some help here, since I can't integrate this/these, maybe
>> > they
>> > can't be, or to be told to stop fussing. Mike might tell me that we are
>> > writing journal articles here, but I really do learn from following the
>> > discussions.
>> > Timid thanks in advance
>> > Carol
>> > --
>> > Visiting Researcher
>> > Wits School of Education
>> > 6 Andover Road
>> > Westdene
>> > Johannesburg 2092
>> > _______________________________________________
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