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[Xmca-l] Re: Doing Philosophy with kids
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- Subject: [Xmca-l] Re: Doing Philosophy with kids
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- Date: Wed, 11 Nov 2015 08:36:30 -0800
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I would like to also bring to the fore the understanding of *values* within philosophy.
C I Lewis in 1926 wrote:
The validity of cognition is inseparable test of which it consists in some valuable result of the action which it serves to guide. Knowledge - so the pragmatist conceives - is for the sake of action; and action is directed toward realization of what is valuable. If there should be no valid judgments of value, then action would be pointless or merely capricious, and cognition would be altogether lacking in significance.
This is the question of (meaning). Lewis distinguished *terminating* and *non-terminating* judgments meant to differentiate the present meaning from the possible meaning OF linguistic expressions and thus re/assess critically the dichotomies of FACTUAL judgement and VALUE judgement.
Lewis thesis is that value judgments operate in the entire area of normativity, INCLUDING, the logical determinations of what is coherence and cogency, as well as definitions of truth.
In this spirit. I bring in Kym Maclaren's article which showed prisoners and university students could develop a shared *space* as a place of 1st order *voice* and this action was transformative.
The values are explicit.
From: "White, Phillip" <Phillip.White@ucdenver.edu>
Sent: 2015-11-11 7:52 AM
To: "eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity" <email@example.com>
Subject: [Xmca-l] Re: Doing Philosophy with kids
Alfredo, and Kim - like you, Alfredo, Kim's work was a pleasure to read. in part it took me back to the mid-1970's when i used Harry Stottlemeier's Discovery, along with the teacher's guide that Lipman wrote, within the school day to work on problems of philosophy with my class of nine, ten and eleven years old students. (i was teaching in a non-graded elementary school where students were grouped in multi-ages.)
in elementary school every discipline taught is by its very nature multi-disciplinary. it's just part and parcel of the fluidity of working with children where the daily can become unusual and the unusual become daily. boundaries are always pressed and reconstituted - it's for this that so many teachers find teaching so intellectually and emotionally exhausting. so the questions about discourse being civil or academic or or or or ... can be more easily answered through the lens of Wittgenstein, with his understanding of language as a kind of game bound within contextual rules - and, for example, the anxiety over 'right answers' is an anxiety reflecting uncertainty regarding the rules.
Alfredo, you're so right when you wrote:
"Second, and related to the first, I was thinking that, for things to work out, the community of adult/learners studied must have had already some competences/resources for this to happen. So one could wonder which features of the 'looking for the right answer' culture, or of their everyday schooling, may have also made it possible the new culture to emerge."
much is going to depend upon the teacher. i've witnessed teachers refuse to teach elementary science that it hands-on experiential based, precisely because the outcomes of the science experiments couldn't always be the "right answer".
Kim, you've already noted that your narrative was limited by the constraints of the article length. i've no doubt that a great deal of singular student revelations and innovations occurred that you of necessity had to cut out.