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Re: [xmca] Cultural Psychology in the NYTimes.com
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- Subject: Re: [xmca] Cultural Psychology in the NYTimes.com
- From: Tony Whitson <twhitson@UDel.Edu>
- Date: Fri, 4 Dec 2009 22:58:10 -0500 (EST)
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I read a book once with the title "Cultural Psychology: The Once and
Future Discipline" (or something like that). The New York Times article
does not remind me of that book.
Here's just a couple clippings:
"'Children are altruistic by nature,' he writes, and though they are also
naturally selfish, all parents need do is try to tip the balance toward
"The shared intentionality lies at the basis of human society, Dr.
Tomasello argues. From it flow ideas of norms, of punishing those who
violate the norms and of shame and guilt for punishing oneself. Shared
intentionality evolved very early in the human lineage, he believes, and
its probable purpose was for cooperation in gathering food.
Anthropologists report that when men cooperate in hunting, they can take
down large game, which single hunters generally cannot do. Chimpanzees
gather to hunt colobus monkeys, but Dr. Tomasello argues this is far less
of a cooperative endeavor because the participants act on an ad hoc basis
and do not really share their catch."
"'We're preprogrammed to reach out,' Dr. de Waal writes. 'Empathy is an
automated response over which we have limited control.' The only people
emotionally immune to another's situation, he notes, are psychopaths.
Indeed, it is in our biological nature, not our political institutions,
that we should put our trust, in his view. Our empathy is innate and
cannot be changed or long suppressed. 'In fact,' Dr. de Waal writes, 'I'd
argue that biology constitutes our greatest hope. One can only shudder at
the thought that the humaneness of our societies would depend on the whims
of politics, culture or religion.'"
On Sat, 5 Dec 2009, David Preiss wrote:
Info Académica: http://web.mac.com/ddpreiss/
Info Literaria: http://web.me.com/ddpreiss/Site_2/
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