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RE: [xmca] about emotions
- To: "eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- Subject: RE: [xmca] about emotions
- From: Achilles Delari Junior <email@example.com>
- Date: Sat, 28 Nov 2009 07:24:04 +0000
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I think that Vygotsky was trying to solve the problem of
dualism in theory of emotions. He worked with the principle
of "psychophysical unit" - the "main principle of Soviet psychology"
in the words from Rubinshtein. The difference between
the cognitive and the instinctive is not because the cognitive
have not physiological conditions, but the complexity of that
conditions and it mediated character... Vygotsky said that
"the psyche do not appears isolated from the world or from
the process form organism neither for a 0,001 second" (1926/1991
- Prólogo a la versión russa del libro de E. Thorndike 'Principios
de enseñanza basados a la psicología - this is the Volume I
of the Works in Russian and Spanish, I don't remeber the number
in English, because they do not follow the Russian numeration).
You can see that psyche are not isolated from the organism and
not isolated from the world. In fact human beens are constituted
by the same substance that the world, we are not an "Impire inside
the impire" - but to be the same substance do not means that we
are in the same way... the same "mode" - I Spinoza´s words.
Vygotsky fight against a dualistic approach to emotions. And to
him James is an "involuntary disciple of Descartes" because his
especial emphasis in cultural feelings as spiritual process. Much
common even today.
I only don't uderstand why you say that there is a problem that
I am trying to solve. If cognition have not material support what
kind of substance is cognition? This is not a problem, the problem
is how to understand ideological, historical, conscious, cultural,
constitution of human emotions in his/her whole personality without
repeat a dualistic approach. I understand this problem is not only
mine... this is a problem posed by Vygotsky himself. And I only
agree that is good question... I don't if Damasio already answer that.
Can you tell me who did?
> Date: Sat, 28 Nov 2009 17:56:10 +1100
> From: firstname.lastname@example.org
> To: email@example.com
> Subject: Re: [xmca] about emotions
> But you still need a distinction between a physiological
> reaction and a cognitive disposition, don't you, Achilles?
> What is the specific problem you are trying to solve?
> Achilles Delari Junior wrote:
> > Jay,
> > Thank you very much.
> > Something near to this distinction between feelings and emotions
> > was posed by William James too, according Vygotsky, but James
> > saw this distinction in terms that these social dimension of affective
> > world, the higher feelings, have almost nothing related to biological,
> > physiological, material, body, conditions. And Vygotsky criticizes
> > this like a way of dualistic thinking - this dualism can be understood
> > as based in ideological motivations too: "the human is not an animal,
> > nor a material been, but a divine been, in his higher, superior feelings..."
> > A distinction between feelings and emotions is present in Damasio too
> > in neurofunctional terms... But Vygotsky proposed the question of
> > a systemic inter-relationship in that the lower can turns higher, and
> > vice versa... I don't know what we can thing about this... In this
> > case, distinction between feelings and emotions are useful, but if
> > we want to understand the entire human been, his/her whole personality,
> > the integration and inter-functional relations between feelings and
> > emotions turns relevant too, In my point of view.
> > Best wishes.
> > Achilles.
> >> From: firstname.lastname@example.org
> >> To: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
> >> Subject: Re: [xmca] about emotions
> >> Date: Fri, 27 Nov 2009 19:28:26 -0800
> >> CC:
> >> I am certainly one of those people interested in emotion, or feeling,
> >> or affect, or whatever we choose to make of the phenomenon.
> >> The topic seems to have historically accumulated a lot of ideological
> >> baggage. And while its expression may be more sophisticated today than
> >> in times past, there doesn't seem to be that much less of it (as for
> >> example in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy review noted by
> >> someone earlier).
> >> Emotion tends to be seen as bad in our philosophical tradition. As the
> >> enemy of reason, the motor of self-deception, etc. It links us to the
> >> animals, to our "baser" nature, etc. A bit of this in the pagan
> >> tradition, a lot of it in christian asceticism, and tons of it in
> >> Enlightenment rationalism and its successors.
> >> Emotions are also associated with the unreliable feminine vs. the cool
> >> and collected masculine, with the passions of the mob vs. the
> >> thoughtful elite, with peasants, workers, and children, and pretty
> >> much every social category whose oppression needs some legitimation.
> >> Indeed one of the near universal legitimations of elite power is "we
> >> know what's good for you", not just because of what we know, but
> >> because you can't be trusted to see your own best interests through
> >> the haze of your emotions.
> >> Useful as this is to elite interests, it combines further with the
> >> cult of individualism to make emotions a purely individual, mental,
> >> subjective matter. Non-material, non-social, non-cultural, and
> >> universal (the easier to apply the stigma of emotionality to non-
> >> European cultures). It is rather hard to crawl out of this pit of mud.
> >> As I've been trying to do for the last year or two. There would be too
> >> much to say for a short post on this list, but here are a few basic
> >> suggestions:
> >> Feeling is a broad enough category to get back to the phenomenology of
> >> affect/emotion, whereas "emotion" is too narrowly defined within the
> >> tradition of animal-like and universal.
> >> There are a LOT of different feelings, and that is more important than
> >> efforts to identify some small number of basic emotions.
> >> Many feelings are associated with evaluative judgments and this may be
> >> a key link to re-unify affective and cognitive.
> >> Feelings do differ significantly across cultures, and are part of a
> >> larger system of meanings-and-feelings specific to a community.
> >> You can't make meanings across any longer term process of reasoning
> >> without feelings and evaluative judgments.
> >> It is likely that feelings have histories, both in cultures and in
> >> individuals.
> >> Feelings are often reliable guides to survival, to adaptive action,
> >> and to finding ways to meet our needs.
> >> Feelings are just as situated and distributed as are cognitions. And
> >> just as active and actively made and produced.
> >> In short -- pretty much everything in our dominant tradition about
> >> emotions and feelings is exactly wrong -- and for the worst possible
> >> ideological-political reasons, I believe.
> >> JAY.
> >> Jay Lemke
> >> Professor (Adjunct, 2009-2010)
> >> Educational Studies
> >> University of Michigan
> >> Ann Arbor, MI 48109
> >> www.umich.edu/~jaylemke
> >> Visiting Scholar
> >> Laboratory for Comparative Human Communication
> >> University of California -- San Diego
> >> La Jolla, CA
> >> USA 92093
> >> On Nov 26, 2009, at 8:08 AM, mike cole wrote:
> >>> With so much interest in achieving an integrated understanding of
> >>> emotion,
> >>> cognition, and development, Achilles, your focus on this topic is a
> >>> helpful
> >>> reminder of its continued importance.
> >>> Seems like one of those many areas in psychological research where
> >>> we cannot
> >>> keep from murdering to dissect.
> >>> mike
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