Fwd: sociocultural theory

From: Peggy Bengel (pbengel@weber.ucsd.edu)
Date: Thu Aug 05 2004 - 09:45:44 PDT

Begin forwarded message:

From: "von Brevern Hansjoerg" <Hansjoerg.vonBrevern@iwi.unibe.ch>
Date: August 5, 2004 9:11:48 AM PDT
To: <xmca@weber.ucsd.edu>
Cc: <pbengel@ucsd.edu>
Subject: sociocultural theory

Dear all,

I have tried to send several messages to the group but it does not seem
that my messaged had been sent so that I am trying to send it again.
Elsewise, if my questions are inappropriate to the group, please feel
free to let me know. My apologies if you have received it:

I have been trying to read through a number of papers but have not been
successful so that I would like to ask for your views, opnions, and
consensus of the accuracy and validity of my reflections:

1. Individual learning in an e-Learning environment and sociocultural

I would like to know how sociocultural theory looks at 'individual
learning'. Putting this question into a practical context, I made a
course last year through the ACM. So, although other people might have
taken the same course, I felt like I was studying by myself i.e.,
individually - yet using the internet, .pdf files, etc. and whenever I
had questions, I could send an email to a tutor. Now that I am in the
process of reading through sociocultural theory, I have come to
understand the central idea of the social learning process while at the
other hand, sociocultural theory does not look at the fact, like I did
in reality, that one could study by oneself - be it intentionally or
unintentionally (e.g., what about if there were no other fellow
students a course?). Hence, this leaves me to wonder about the
standpoint of sociocultural theory towards this aspect?

2. The role of e-Learning artefacts and e-Learning tools

Taken from here, I would like to continue my thoughts with regard to
more intelligent, pedagogically and psychologically valid e-Learning
artefacts such as ITS (intelligent tutoring systems) and AHS (adaptive
hypermedia systems). On the basis of and under the umbrella of
sociocultural theory, I am trying to understand how intelligent
e-Learning artefacts should or could be i.e., at this stage, at a
conceptual level while understanding the term intelligence under the
solid standpoints of neuroscience and cognitive science. Do you think
that this is a socioculturally valid research question and what work
does exist in this direction?

Or, alternatively, does sociocultural theory not look at the need of
intelligent e-Learning artefacts which would take on similar roles of
an instructor? What is the perspective of sociocultural theory towards
separating the roles and responsibilities of a system <-> learner <->

3. Child learning versus adult learning processes in an e-Learning

Furthermore, Vygotsky's theory mainly discusses issues in the context
of children. However, while reading on Vygotsky, I have observed and
compared my behaviour and preparedness in view of comparative learning
in a social context at the time that I was a child and contrasted this
behaviour with now being an adult. Now being a mature person, I feel
that I have become much more critical towards 'the world' and towards
that what I am being taught - simply because my net of internal
associations in my mind and percpetions towards to world are larger
than those of a child. Saying so, does this imply conflicts of learning
under sociocultural perspectives?

4. Sociocultural theory and course delivery in an e-Learning environment

Thinking of e-Learning course delivery, I am wondering about the
coherence between cognitive apprenticeship and sociocultural theory?
or, alternatively, could you possibly direct me towards which
'instructional design methods' cohere with sociocultural theory?

I would deeply appreciate your ideas, input, thoughts on the validity
of my questions due to my beginner's knowledge on sociocultural theory,
and discussions.

Best regards,

Hansjoerg (George) von Brevern
Institute of Information Systems
Research Group Information Engineering
Engehaldenstrasse 8
CH-3012 Bern
Tel.: +41.31.631-3914

email: mailto:Hansjoerg.vonBrevern@iwi.unibe.ch

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