Activity, Consciousness, and Personality

By Aleksie Nikolaevich Leont'ev

Copyright 1978 


The methodological crisis that world psychology has been trying to solve for the last 100 years destroyed the unified system of psychological knowledge. Psychologists split into several schools and directions, and their representatives argue among themselves about the subject of their science. Considering ways to resolve the crisis, A.N. Leont'ev, Active Member of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the USSR and Lenin Prize Laureate, in his new book demonstrates the primacy of Marxist methodology in the resolution of fundamental problems of contemporary psychology.

The book is intended for philosophers, psychologists, and teachers, and for all who are interested in the theoretical questions of the science that concerns the origin, function, and structure of the psychological reflection of reality.


HTML: Hypertext at Mind, Culture and Activity.  

PDF: Adobe Acrobat version at Mind, Culture, and Activity

MIA: Cascading Style Sheet version at Marxist Internet Archive. The html document is easier to read online and has reference links to related archives within MIA.  


Introduction   HTML PDF MIA
Chapter 1 Marxism and Psychological Science HTML PDF MIA
Chapter 2 Psychic Reflection HTML PDF MIA
Chapter 3  The Problem of Activity and Psychology HTML PDF MIA
Chapter 4 Activity and Consciousness HTML PDF MIA
Chapter 5 Activity and Personality HTML PDF MIA
Conclusion Activity and Personality "continued" HTML   MIA


Useful Resources

X-Activity Highlights
This is a collection of highlights from the early 90's discussion of Activity Theory on the X-Activity list serv..

Psychology and Marxism
The purpose of this subject section is to serve as a reference point in exploring the relationship between Marxism and Psychology.

A.N. Leontev, Activity and Consciousness, 1977
A chapter in, Philosophy in the USSR, Problems of Dialectical Materialism, by A.N. Leont'ev on activity and consciousness.

Zaporozhets, A. V., & Markova, T. A. (1980/1983). [PDF]
The psychological foundations of preschool education. Soviet Education, 25(3),7 l-90. 

V. A. Lektorsky, 1977
The Dialectic of Subject and Object and some Problems of the Methodology of Science

Note: The files are indexed so if you want find capabilities you need to download the version that will allow you to search PDF files. Also, if you need an earlier version go to the text only download page -.