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[Xmca-l] Re: Отв: Re: Ilyenkov, Marx, & Spinoza



The first part of Peter's statement '*Past* is determined..." is pretty
well how Mead describes the duration we call present.

The second part is not. Peter writes, "there exists opportunities to sway
the forces..." Mead emphasizes *emergence*, which means, there is a
fundamental unpredictability at work. Schütz (1932) distinguishes
*because*-motives
and *in-order-to-*motives, and describes how determination slips in through
a posteriori accounts (because), which does not exist when we orient toward
the future. Lucy Suchman takes this up in her two views on plans, which
orient for but do not determine situated action.

Michael


Wolff-Michael Roth, Lansdowne Professor

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Applied Cognitive Science
MacLaurin Building A567
University of Victoria
Victoria, BC, V8P 5C2
http://web.uvic.ca/~mroth <http://education2.uvic.ca/faculty/mroth/>

New book: *The Mathematics of Mathematics
<https://www.sensepublishers.com/catalogs/bookseries/new-directions-in-mathematics-and-science-education/the-mathematics-of-mathematics/>*

On Thu, Jul 27, 2017 at 10:29 AM, mike cole <mcole@ucsd.edu> wrote:

> That seems right to me, Peter, in my vast ignorance of the original texts
> being discussed.
>
> Your characterization seems to me of a kind with the intuition in the
> epigram to the lchcautobiogrphy:
>
> “All experience is an arch wherethrough gleams
> that untravelled world whose margin fades
> forever and forever when I move. _Tennyson
> Might freewill be the name of the experience of an organism living in a
> loosely coupled, non-linear, dynamic system? Of course it is a constrained
> world.... it is a living system.. but constraint and determinism are not
> synonyms and the conditional in "conditional reflexes" refers to historical
> contingency in the life of the organism..... and hence "choice"  ( i think
> that i think).
>
> mike
>
> On Thu, Jul 27, 2017 at 9:13 AM, Peter Feigenbaum [Staff] <
> pfeigenbaum@fordham.edu> wrote:
>
> > Dear friends,
> >
> > I am certainly no expert in this area, but I think it might be helpful to
> > this discussion to point out the difference between determinism and
> > pre-determinism. The *past* is determined, but the *future* is not. In
> the
> > future (or the next moment), there exist opportunities to sway the forces
> > that are in play, to bend them to our will.
> >
> > If this conception is correct, then the problem of free will (aimed at
> the
> > future) becomes one of discovering how activities with signs make use of
> > conditional reflexes (determination) to forge a different path forward
> than
> > the one that might otherwise have occurred in the absence of sign use.
> >
> > Hope this helps.
> >
> > Cheers,
> > Peter
> >
> >
> >
> >
> >
> > On Thu, Jul 27, 2017 at 11:49 AM, Andy Blunden <ablunden@mira.net>
> wrote:
> >
> > > If everything is determined, then all that a human being can do is
> > > whatever is necessary, and if they are enlightened, be aware of that.
> In
> > a
> > > determined world free will is impossible because there is no choice.
> > >
> > >
> > > At the time Spinoza was making a comeback in Germany around the 1790s,
> > > there was a lot of debate about the seeming impossibility of free will
> > > (which is of course still a total mystery to the neuroscientists, which
> > is
> > > probably what is behind people like Damasio's liking for Spinoza.) In
> my
> > > opinion, Fichte made the decisive breakthrough in saying that a person
> > > becomes free when they were *recognised* as a free being by another
> free
> > > being, and called upon to exercise their freedom, by exercising
> restraint
> > > and recognising the rights of others (the child development people will
> > > relate to this). Hegel associated the emergence of free will with the
> > > formation of states in which citizens had rights; without the basic
> > > freedoms enjoyed by citizens of a state, we are reduced to the animal
> > > condition. Nothing to do with the structure of the brain or quantum
> > > mechanics as John Searle suggests, it's just social relations.
> > >
> > >
> > > If you take the problem seriously - how can flesh obedient to the laws
> of
> > > physics, chemistry and biology, have free will - it is a tough problem
> to
> > > solve.
> > >
> > >
> > > Andy
> > >
> > > ------------------------------------------------------------
> > > Andy Blunden
> > > https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__home.mir
> > > a.net_-7Eandy&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEvEJQh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc
> > > 2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0ECmPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yW
> > > SMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea1aoA_lU&s=kDRs5AA6bAPvKr4UH
> > > G_2qyHJRMr97f8whenHHseziGg&e= https://urldefense.proofpoint.
> > > com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.brill.com_products_book_origins-
> > > 2Dcollective-2Ddecision-2Dmaking&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEvEJ
> > > Qh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0EC
> > > mPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yWSMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea1a
> > > oA_lU&s=G44x-CoqWItWoEukYgCD-6oh7Rt-3QnUioSOV9-RLPI&e=
> > > On 28/07/2017 1:16 AM, Alfredo Jornet Gil wrote:
> > >
> > >>
> > >> Thanks Andy, I was thinking more *why would determinism ​​imply the
> > >> absence of free will* ... In any case, thanks for the link; I too am
> > just a
> > >> student, ​​​only that with quite more left to read yet!
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Alfredo
> > >>
> > >> ------------------------------------------------------------
> > >> *From:* Andy Blunden <ablunden@mira.net>
> > >> *Sent:* 27 July 2017 15:16
> > >> *To:* Alfredo Jornet Gil; eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity
> > >> *Subject:* Re: [Xmca-l] Re: Отв: Re: Ilyenkov, Marx, & Spinoza
> > >>
> > >> It is true, Alfredo, that the absence of free will (as everywhere
> > outside
> > >> of human life) does not imply determinism. But Spinoza held both
> > positions.
> > >> It is a long time since I studied Spinoza and I don't have notes from
> > that
> > >> time, so I can't source my own recollections on this.
> > >>
> > >> The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy explains it thusly:
> > >> https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__plato.s
> > >> tanford.edu_entries_spinoza-2Dmodal_&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEvEJQh
> > >> 2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0ECmP
> > >> Hilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yWSMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea1aoA
> > >> _lU&s=rSGhtQHeOjRw3595HeZIfmyBC98jJkHTjPIm3w7QM68&e=
> > >> Andy
> > >>
> > >> ------------------------------------------------------------
> > >> Andy Blunden
> > >> https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__home.mir
> > >> a.net_-7Eandy&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEvEJQh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc
> > >> 2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0ECmPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yW
> > >> SMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea1aoA_lU&s=kDRs5AA6bAPvKr4UH
> > >> G_2qyHJRMr97f8whenHHseziGg&e= https://urldefense.proofpoint.
> > >> com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.brill.com_products_book_origins-
> > >> 2Dcollective-2Ddecision-2Dmaking&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEvEJ
> > >> Qh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0EC
> > >> mPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yWSMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea1a
> > >> oA_lU&s=G44x-CoqWItWoEukYgCD-6oh7Rt-3QnUioSOV9-RLPI&e=
> > >> On 27/07/2017 10:58 PM, Alfredo Jornet Gil wrote:
> > >>
> > >>> Yes, Vygotsky's interest in Spinoza was sustained, though I doubt he
> > >>> agreed that this was 'thinly disguised dualism.' It does not sound
> like
> > >>> that when he writes that '[Spinoza is] the antithesis to parallelism
> > and,
> > >>> consequently to the dualism of Descartes' (English collected works,
> > vol. 6,
> > >>> p. 122).
> > >>>
> > >>> In any case, I know of no one arguing these days to try to wholesale
> > >>> 'apply' Spinoza's ontology to psychology either.
> > >>>
> > >>> I am not sure how you are using the notion *determinist* or why
> > >>> determinism would be involved in ruling out *free will*.
> Understanding
> > this
> > >>> would greatly help me see your points.
> > >>>
> > >>> Alfredo
> > >>>
> > >>> ________________________________________
> > >>> From:xmca-l-bounces@mailman.ucsd.edu  <xmca-l-bounces@mailman.ucsd.
> edu
> > >
> > >>> on behalf of Andy Blunden<ablunden@mira.net>
> > >>> Sent: 27 July 2017 14:39
> > >>> To: eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity
> > >>> Subject: [Xmca-l] Re: Отв: Re: Ilyenkov, Marx, & Spinoza
> > >>>
> > >>> Alfredo, there is indeed clear textual evidence that
> > >>> Vygotsky maintained an intense interest in Spinoza. My guess
> > >>> is that it was Spinoza's place in the history of philosophy
> > >>> as the first person to attempt to overcome Descartes'
> > >>> dualism by building a monist, material philosophy, based on
> > >>> Descartes' "geometric" method, which held Vygotsky's
> > >>> interest and respect. This effort, for which Spinoza was
> > >>> persecuted, inspired many philosophers despite Spinoza being
> > >>> banned across Europe for more than a century.
> > >>>
> > >>> However, I see no evidence that Vygotsky entertained for a
> > >>> moment Spinoza's "solution", viz., a single substance,
> > >>> a.k.a., God or Nature, or anything else you want to call it,
> > >>> with infinitely many attributes, one being extension and
> > >>> another being thought and the infinitely many others being
> > >>> God knows what. I see plenty of evidence that Vygotsky
> > >>> followed the idealist Hegel in conceiving of that one
> > >>> substance as Activity - for Hegel under the name of "Spirit."
> > >>>
> > >>> As a free-thinking philosopher, Spinoza's works are full of
> > >>> insightful aphorisms and so on. His basic project (a monist
> > >>> materialism) is right. But his solution is hopeless and I
> > >>> have not met a single soul who has usefully appropriated
> > >>> this substance with infinite attributes. Apart from its
> > >>> mysticism, it is (as Vygotsky notes) *determinist* and rules
> > >>> out free will, and is a thinly disguised dualism: one
> > >>> substance with two attributes instead of two substances. Any
> > >>> attempt to deploy Spinozan ontology in experimental
> > >>> Psychology is a charade.
> > >>>
> > >>> In the 21st century, Spinoza is no longer a dead dog, but he
> > >>> is a dead end.
> > >>>
> > >>> Andy
> > >>>
> > >>> ------------------------------------------------------------
> > >>> Andy Blunden
> > >>> https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__home.mir
> > >>> a.net_-7Eandy&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEvEJQh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc
> > >>> 2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0ECmPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yW
> > >>> SMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea1aoA_lU&s=kDRs5AA6bAPvKr4UH
> > >>> G_2qyHJRMr97f8whenHHseziGg&e= https://urldefense.proofpoint.
> > >>> com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.brill.com_products_book_origins-
> > >>> 2Dcollective-2Ddecision-2Dmaking&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEvEJ
> > >>> Qh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0EC
> > >>> mPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yWSMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea1a
> > >>> oA_lU&s=G44x-CoqWItWoEukYgCD-6oh7Rt-3QnUioSOV9-RLPI&e=
> > >>> On 27/07/2017 8:29 PM, Alfredo Jornet Gil wrote:
> > >>>
> > >>>> Hi Alexander,
> > >>>>
> > >>>> a very interesting text, written in brilliant prose. I very much
> > >>>> appreciate your observations that 'the psychophysical (and not the
> > >>>> psychophysiological) ... poses a REAL task akin to that which arose
> > in the
> > >>>> course of the evolution of living and mobile beings', and that
> > 'intelligent
> > >>>> action ... is itself ... congruent with the real corporeal form of
> > some
> > >>>> other body'. These propositions interest me a lot. Indeed, and led
> by
> > W-M
> > >>>> Roth, we did last year co-author a book where we entertained such
> > >>>> propositions with respect to educational psychology (front matter
> > attached,
> > >>>> link here: ).
> > >>>>
> > >>>> Like you, in that book, we are critical to Vygotsky's ways of
> writing
> > >>>> about signs, specially in the works you cite. Yet, upon reading your
> > >>>> article, on the whole, I wondered whether your characterisation was
> > fair to
> > >>>> Vygotsky's actual legacy. You describe Vygotsky's position as this:
> > >>>>
> > >>>> 'an unfree, essentially mechanical puppet acquires freedom through
> > >>>> overcoming natural determination (the SR reaction, the mechanical
> > >>>> triggering of a response by an external stimulus) in the act of
> > mediation
> > >>>> by a cultural sign'
> > >>>>
> > >>>> I agree that Vygotsky clearly uses the term 'sign' in many instances
> > in
> > >>>> the conventional sense you refer to. But this way of writing sharply
> > >>>> contrasts with other important tenets and arguments in his legacy.
> > When I
> > >>>> read Vygotsky's characterisations of the 'word' in Thinking and
> > Speech, for
> > >>>> example, I do not think he 'understands the word unambiguously as an
> > >>>> arbitrary, conventional sign', as you suggest in your article (p.
> > 40). In
> > >>>> chapter 7, and paraphrasing Feuerbach, he writes that 'the word  is
> > what
> > >>>> ... is absolutely impossible for one person but possible for two.
> The
> > word
> > >>>> is the most direct manifestation of the historical nature of human
> > >>>> consciousness' (English Vol. 1, p. 285). To me, that suggests a very
> > >>>> different view of words as signs than simply conventional, arbitrary
> > (as if
> > >>>> unconstrained and magic) means.
> > >>>>
> > >>>> In other places, he also writes that, 'Freedom, as the opposite of
> > >>>> nature, cannot find a place in [Spinoza's system]. Freedom may be
> > only an
> > >>>> element of that nature, not an opposite to natural necessity but
> only
> > one
> > >>>> of the forms of this necessity' (English Collected works, vol. 6, p.
> > 172).
> > >>>> Coming from someone who would also write that any higher
> psychological
> > >>>> function was first a societal relation (and what is action if not a
> > >>>> societal relation?), how could he believe that the solution to the
> > problem
> > >>>> of freedom was arbitrariness, being as he was committed to
> > >>>> social-historical necessity, to human needs?
> > >>>>
> > >>>> In our book, we try to address these kind of contradictions by
> > >>>> imagining what a Vygotskyan (educational) psychology would be if
> > Vygotsky
> > >>>> would have indeed pursued the Spinozist quest he did not finish. I
> > think
> > >>>> there may be more common ground between Vygotsky and Ilyenkov than
> > your
> > >>>> article allows, but this is surely not very much explored in
> > mainstream
> > >>>> uptakes. I am only a student on these matters, and I can not know in
> > >>>> advance how far we will come with this integrative program, but it
> > seems to
> > >>>> me that neither discarding semiotics for the primacy of action, nor
> > >>>> discarding action for the primacy of semiotics are promising paths.
> > >>>>
> > >>>> In the hope to sustain productive dialogue,
> > >>>> Alfredo
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>> From:xmca-l-bounces@mailman.ucsd.edu  <xmca-l-bounces@mailman.ucsd.
> > edu>
> > >>>> on behalf of Alexandre Sourmava<avramus@gmail.com>
> > >>>> Sent: 26 July 2017 00:27
> > >>>> To:ablunden@mira.net; Larry Purss; eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity
> > >>>> Cc: eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity
> > >>>> Subject: [Xmca-l]       Отв:  Re: Ilyenkov, Marx, & Spinoza
> > >>>>
> > >>>> Hi, Larry!
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>> Thank you for your attentionto the article.
> > >>>> Your retelling of the topic is quite correct.
> > >>>> However, I think it can be useful to add my little comment
> concerning
> > >>>> the topicunder discussion.
> > >>>> Bernstein’s position is substantially spinozian and thereby
> > >>>> antisemiotic.
> > >>>> Evidently, he bluntly contradicts to Vygotsky’sattempts to use
> > >>>> arbitrary sign as a magic key designed to solve the problem of
> freedom
> > >>>> (independence from mechanical causality).
> > >>>> Thus Vygotsky insisted that
> > >>>> ”Looking from the very broad philosophical perspective the whole
> realm
> > >>>> ofhistory, culture, and language is the realm of arbitrariness. So
> the
> > >>>> method ofconditional reflex acquires a very broad meaning of a
> > >>>> natural-historical methodconcerning human, of a tie that binds
> > history and
> > >>>> evolution together.”
> > >>>> («В самом широком философском смысле этого терминавесь мир истории,
> > >>>> культуры, языка — это царство условности. В этом смысле
> методусловных
> > >>>> рефлексов приобретает широчайшее значение
> > методаприродно-исторического в
> > >>>> применении к человеку, узла, который связывает историюи эволюцию»
> > >>>>
> > >>>> ВыготскийЛ. С. Психологическая наука в СССР. В кн.: «Общественные
> > науки
> > >>>> в СССР(1917-1927 гг.)». М., 1928, с. 30.)
> > >>>>
> > >>>> There exists a prejudice that so called “Cultural-historical theory”
> > >>>> withits arbitrary signs is a sophisticated antithesis to coarse
> > Pavlov’s
> > >>>> mechanicalapproach. Alas, that is far from reality. In fact, these
> two
> > >>>> theories are identical.That is the reason why Nicolai Bernstein who
> > was
> > >>>> Vygotsky’s good friend had neverreferred to his ideas.
> > >>>>
> > >>>> Sasha Surmava
> > >>>>
> > >>>>       вторник, 25 июля 2017 4:29 Andy Blunden<ablunden@mira.net>
> > >>>> писал(а):
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>>    I see.
> > >>>>
> > >>>> This is a slightly different context. The original meaning
> > >>>> of "paradigm," before the popularisation of Thomas Kuhn's
> > >>>> work, was a "founding exemplar."
> > >>>> "Exemplar" presumably has the same etymology as "example."
> > >>>>
> > >>>> The idea of "an example" as being one of numerous instances
> > >>>> of a process is a different concept, the opposite really.
> > >>>>
> > >>>> Andy
> > >>>>
> > >>>> ------------------------------------------------------------
> > >>>> Andy Blunden
> > >>>> https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__home.mir
> > >>>> a.net_-7Eandy&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEvEJQh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc
> > >>>> 2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0ECmPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yW
> > >>>> SMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea1aoA_lU&s=kDRs5AA6bAPvKr4UH
> > >>>> G_2qyHJRMr97f8whenHHseziGg&e= https://urldefense.proofpoint.
> > >>>> com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.brill.com_products_book_origins-
> > >>>> 2Dcollective-2Ddecision-2Dmaking&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEvEJ
> > >>>> Qh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0EC
> > >>>> mPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yWSMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea1a
> > >>>> oA_lU&s=G44x-CoqWItWoEukYgCD-6oh7Rt-3QnUioSOV9-RLPI&e=
> > >>>> On 25/07/2017 2:01 AM, Larry Purss wrote:
> > >>>>
> > >>>>> Andy,
> > >>>>> I will reference where I got the notion of linking
> > >>>>> [example] and [framework]. If this becomes interesting
> > >>>>> will open another thread.
> > >>>>>   From David L. Marshall titled : "Historical and
> > >>>>> Philosophical Stances: Max Harold Fisch, a Paradigm for
> > >>>>> Intellectual Historians" -2009-
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> PAGE 270:
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> "Max Fisch constitutes an alternative to any intellectual
> > >>>>> historical method insisting that practiontioners remain
> > >>>>> agnostics about the value of the ideas they study.  It is
> > >>>>> the chief contention of this essay that he is a 'paradigm'
> > >>>>> for intellectual historians, a paradigm in the original
> > >>>>> Greek sense of an *example* and in the DERIVED
> > >>>>> contemporary sense of a *framework* within which the
> > >>>>> community of research can proceed. Indeed it is just such
> > >>>>> *doubling* of the philological object qua example into a
> > >>>>> carapace for ongoing action and thought that Fisch
> > >>>>> explored in a variety of ways during his half century of
> > >>>>> creative intellectual work. "
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> Andy, not sure if this is adequate context, but the
> > >>>>> relationality of [example : framework] through the concept
> > >>>>> *paradigm* seemed generative??
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>> On Mon, Jul 24, 2017 at 7:21 AM, Andy Blunden
> > >>>>> <ablunden@mira.net  <mailto:ablunden@mira.net>> wrote:
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>>       "actions" or "an action" ... no extra word is needed.
> > >>>>>       Extra words like "singular," "individual" or "single"
> > >>>>>       only confuse the matter. "Examples" is too vague.
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>>       Cannot make sense of the rest of your message at all,
> > >>>>>       Larry.
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>>       Andy
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>>       ------------------------------------------------------------
> > >>>>>       Andy Blunden
> > >>>>>       https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__home.mir
> > >>>>> a.net_-7Eandy&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEvEJQh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc
> > >>>>> 2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0ECmPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yW
> > >>>>> SMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea1aoA_lU&s=kDRs5AA6bAPvKr4UH
> > >>>>> G_2qyHJRMr97f8whenHHseziGg&e=   <https://urldefense.proofpoin
> > >>>>> t.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__home.mira.net_-257Eandy&d=DwIDaQ&c=
> > >>>>> aqMfXOEvEJQh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxy
> > >>>>> N3KioIJ0ECmPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yWSMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zA
> > >>>>> U37zePea1aoA_lU&s=KGvfCRWmTxjssBuITnfPM7l1T9qgeNoWHbH6u5oCFpI&e= >
> > >>>>>       https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.bril
> > >>>>> l.com_products_book_origins-2Dcollective-2Ddecision-
> > >>>>> 2Dmaking&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEvEJQh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc2guUW
> > >>>>> 8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0ECmPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yWSMfZV
> > >>>>> vFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea1aoA_lU&s=G44x-CoqWItWoEukYgCD-
> > >>>>> 6oh7Rt-3QnUioSOV9-RLPI&e=       <https://urldefense.proofpoin
> > >>>>> t.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.brill.com_products_book_
> > >>>>> origins-2Dcollective-2Ddecision-2Dmaking&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEv
> > >>>>> EJQh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0
> > >>>>> ECmPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yWSMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea
> > >>>>> 1aoA_lU&s=G44x-CoqWItWoEukYgCD-6oh7Rt-3QnUioSOV9-RLPI&e= >
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>>       On 25/07/2017 12:17 AM, Lplarry wrote:
> > >>>>>
> > >>>>>>       Andy,
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       Following your lead it may be preferable to say
> > >>>>>>       single (individual) to indicate the uniqueness of
> > >>>>>>       variable  social actions. This doubling  (by
> > >>>>>>       including both terms) may crystallize the intended
> > >>>>>>       meaning as you mention.
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       Andy is this vein can we also include the term
> > >>>>>>       (examples)?
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       Then the moving TRANS forming from single
> > >>>>>>       (individual) social acts towards (practices) would
> > >>>>>>       indicate the movement from examples to exemplary
> > >>>>>>       actions and further movement (historicity) toward
> > >>>>>>       (framework) practices.
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       (framework) practices being another doubling.
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       So moving (transforming) from single social  examples
> > >>>>>>       through exemplary social  examples crystallizing in
> > >>>>>>       social framework practices.
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       Is this reasonable?
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       Or not
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       Sent from my Windows 10 phone
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       *From: *Andy Blunden<mailto:ablunden@mira.net>
> > >>>>>>       *Sent: *July 24, 2017 6:57 AM
> > >>>>>>       *To: *eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity
> > >>>>>>       <mailto:xmca-l@mailman.ucsd.edu>
> > >>>>>>       *Cc: *Alexander Surmava<mailto:monada@netvox.ru>
> > >>>>>>       *Subject: *[Xmca-l] Re: Ilyenkov, Marx, & Spinoza
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       Larry, when you say "Action IS individual," did you
> > >>>>>>       mention
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       to say that *actions* - the individual units of
> > >>>>>>       *action* are
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       individual? In which can it is of course a tautology.
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       But *action* is irreducibly *social*, and so is every
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       "individual" action. Or better, so is every
> > >>>>>>       "singular" action.
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       A lot of relevant differences are coded in the English
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       language by the use of the count-noun or mass noun
> > >>>>>>       form, but
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       on the whole the set of words (action, actions,
> > >>>>>>       activity,
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       activities) and the set of words (practice,
> > >>>>>>       practices) have
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       no systematic difference running across all
> > >>>>>>       disciplines and
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       schools of thought. For us CHATters, "activities" are
> > >>>>>>       practices.
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       If you read Hegel and Marx, there is an added issue: the
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       German words for action (Handlung) and activity
> > >>>>>>       (Tatigkeit)
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       are more or less inverted for Hegel, and he doesn't use
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       Aktivitat at all.
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       Andy
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       ------------------------------
> ------------------------------
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       Andy Blunden
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       https://urldefense.proofpoint.
> com/v2/url?u=http-3A__home.mir
> > >>>>>> a.net_-7Eandy&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEvEJQh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc
> > >>>>>> 2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0ECmPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yW
> > >>>>>> SMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea1aoA_lU&s=kDRs5AA6bAPvKr4UH
> > >>>>>> G_2qyHJRMr97f8whenHHseziGg&e=   <https://urldefense.proofpoin
> > >>>>>> t.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__home.mira.net_-257Eandy&d=DwIDaQ&c=
> > >>>>>> aqMfXOEvEJQh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxy
> > >>>>>> N3KioIJ0ECmPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yWSMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zA
> > >>>>>> U37zePea1aoA_lU&s=KGvfCRWmTxjssBuITnfPM7l1T9qgeNoWHbH6u5oCFpI&e=
> >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       https://urldefense.proofpoint.
> com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.bril
> > >>>>>> l.com_products_book_origins-2Dcollective-2Ddecision-
> > >>>>>> 2Dmaking&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEvEJQh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc2guUW
> > >>>>>> 8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0ECmPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yWSMfZV
> > >>>>>> vFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea1aoA_lU&s=G44x-CoqWItWoEukYgCD-
> > >>>>>> 6oh7Rt-3QnUioSOV9-RLPI&e=       <https://urldefense.proofpoin
> > >>>>>> t.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.brill.com_products_book_
> > >>>>>> origins-2Dcollective-2Ddecision-2Dmaking&d=DwIDaQ&c=aqMfXOEv
> > >>>>>> EJQh2iQMCb7Wy8l0sPnURkcqADc2guUW8IM&r=mXj3yhpYNklTxyN3KioIJ0
> > >>>>>> ECmPHilpf4N2p9PBMATWs&m=9yWSMfZVvFB4Onmfd0mAPmxn38zAU37zePea
> > >>>>>> 1aoA_lU&s=G44x-CoqWItWoEukYgCD-6oh7Rt-3QnUioSOV9-RLPI&e= >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       On 24/07/2017 11:42 PM, Larry Purss wrote:
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > Alexander, Mike,
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > Thanks for the article.
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > Moving to page 51 I noticed that when referencing
> > >>>>>>       Bernstein he contrasted (action) with (practice) and
> > >>>>>>       did not REPEAT (identity) the thesis about the role
> > >>>>>>       of practice in knowing).
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > Two formulas:
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > • Knowing THROUGH ‘action’
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > • Verification of knowing THROUGH ‘practice’
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > These two formulas closely RESEMBLE each other but
> > >>>>>>       do not co-incide
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > Action IS individual
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > Practice IS a social category.
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > Sociohistorical (practice) in the final analysis is
> > >>>>>>       nothing other than the SUM total of the actions of
> > >>>>>>       individual who are separate.
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > Individual action is LIKE a single experiment.
> > >>>>>>       They are alike in that both individual action & a
> > >>>>>>       single experiment are poorly suited to the role of :
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > A philosophical criterion of (truth).
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > I do not have the background to intelligently
> > >>>>>>       comment, but did register this theme as provocative
> > >>>>>>       FOR further thought and wording.
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > And for generating intelligent commentary
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > Sent from Mail for Windows 10
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > From: Ivan Uemlianin
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > Sent: July 20, 2017 11:17 AM
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > To: eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > Cc: Alexander Surmava
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > Subject: [Xmca-l] Re: Ilyenkov, Marx, & Spinoza
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > Yes very interesting thank you! (Ilyenkov fan)
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > Ivan
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > --
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       > festina lente
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >> On 20 Jul 2017, at 18:00, mike cole
> > >>>>>>       <mcole@ucsd.edu>  <mailto:mcole@ucsd.edu>  wrote:
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >>
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >> This article might prove of interest to those who
> > >>>>>>       have been discussing
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >> LSV's sources in
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >> marx and spinoza.
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >> mike
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >> <Ilyenkov_and_the_Revolution_in_Psycholog.pdf>
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>       >
> > >>>>>>
> > >>>>>>
> > >>
> > >
> >
> >
> > --
> > Peter Feigenbaum, Ph.D.
> > Director,
> > Office of Institutional Research
> > <https://www.fordham.edu/info/24303/institutional_research>
> > Fordham University
> > Thebaud Hall-202
> > Bronx, NY 10458
> >
> > Phone: (718) 817-2243
> > Fax: (718) 817-3817
> > email: pfeigenbaum@fordham.edu
> >
>