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[Xmca-l] Re: Solids and Liquids/Entities and dynamic flows



The link to "powers of ten" is very long. Put that title in your browser
and the Youtube version of the film ought to be first in line.

The ice example is interesting for lots of reasons. I was thinking of
places where earthquakes liquefy what felt like solid earth.
The land of fractals and non-linear dynamics.

mike

On Sat, Aug 6, 2016 at 3:37 PM, Christopher Schuck <
schuckthemonkey@gmail.com> wrote:

> That Beatles example was great.
>
> Metaphors may always carry the risk of literalness and reification, yet we
> need them so much to even get to the starting line. I personally found the
> cup metaphor so helpful as an *initial way* in (if not the end-all and
> be-all of metaphors "capturing" liquid modernity). The whole idea of a way
> in, an initial approach for the disoriented which then gets supplemented or
> replaced by other metaphors, might be a useful way also of conceiving it.
> Another metaphor I like when it comes to the recent discussion is that of
> water freezing into ice -- often unevenly and in unpredictable spots -- and
> perhaps later, melting again. I think of the cult-ure of Trump worship (pun
> conveniently provided by the language at hand) as an example of liquid
> spilling over, somewhat out of control. What would be the difference
> between containing it like a cup, and containing it as a temporarily frozen
> sheet of ice? Certainly, sometimes the ice suddenly gives way beneath and
> people plunge through what they thought was solid into a much less stable
> situation.
>
> On Sat, Aug 6, 2016 at 5:46 PM, HENRY SHONERD <hshonerd@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> > Mike,
> > I have seen that video recently. Did you provide a link?
> >
> > There are programs where one can control the speed and direction of the
> > zooming fluidly between scales of nature, from the Planck constant to the
> > whole universe. You can do this with various fractals, including the
> > mandelbrot fractal, which is generated, like any fractal, with a very
> > simple algorithm. Amazingly intricate patterns. Zooming in and out gives
> > one the sense of time/space.
> >
> > Fractals, as you zoom, are showing you the algorithmic process in real
> > time. If you will, one can go forward (zooming in) and backward  (zooming
> > out). There are many patterns in nature that look very fractal.
> Coastlines
> > and the branching patterns of plants and the brain are easy to simulate
> > with fractals. Through a still shot of a fractal you get an entity at a
> > point in time; zooming is perceiving a computing process across time. Is
> it
> > a stretch to see the hardware and software for fractal viewing as
> artifacts
> > for conceiving the simple, algorithmiic nature of creation? I wish I had
> > some links right now to show what I am talking about. Maybe others do.
> > Henry
> >
> >
> > > On Aug 6, 2016, at 12:58 PM, mike cole <mcole@ucsd.edu> wrote:
> > >
> > > Rod, Larry, Rein, et al--
> > >
> > > I, like Rein, worry about the cup metaphor. I was writing quickly and
> > using
> > > the cup as only one example. In some ways an unfortunate example, The
> > > spilled liquid could be absorbed by a table cloth, fall through slats
> in
> > > the floor, etc. Contained, managed .....
> > > The cup metaphor is used widely in connection with the term, context,
> > which
> > > Ray McDermott criticized effectively back about 1993 in the
> Chaiklin/Lave
> > > book on activity and practice.
> > >
> > > I would like to suggest an additional way to think about solidity. In
> > terms
> > > of the time scale of change.
> > >
> > > I often give the example of a table. A table seems like a good
> candidate
> > > for a solid object. In discussing this in class, I sometimes slam my
> hand
> > > unexpectdly again the desk of podium and everyone jumps while i have to
> > > nurse my hand which is red and it stings.
> > >
> > > That table sure seems solid to me and to the audience as well.
> > >
> > >
> > > But the table is only solid relative to another object, in this case
> me.
> > It
> > > is changing on a very different time scale, constituted as it is of
> wood,
> > > formica, and a bit of metal. Come back in a thousand years and all that
> > > will be left of that table, if that much, will be the metal parts, even
> > if
> > > the table is not recycled by human beings and global warming or war
> does
> > > not de-compose the table along the way.
> > >
> > > The issue of scale is beautifully illustrated in "Powers of Ten," a
> > > ten-minute film on line if you enter the title. Starting with a scale
> > that
> > > encompasses two people lying on a blanket along the lake shore in
> Chicago
> > > and goes out ten powers, and then rapidly reverses and goes powers of
> ten
> > > micro into the constituents of matter. Perceptually, what is solid and
> > what
> > > is empty space changes dynamically as one moves along the scales.
> > >
> > > Hopefully useful.
> > > mike
> > >
> > > On Sat, Aug 6, 2016 at 10:04 AM, mike cole <mcole@ucsd.edu> wrote:
> > >
> > >> Thanks for forwarding, Peg et al.
> > >> mike
> > >>
> > >> On Sat, Aug 6, 2016 at 9:14 AM, Peg Griffin <Peg.Griffin@att.net>
> > wrote:
> > >>
> > >>> down.cenet.org.cn/upfile/19/20064111162198.pdf  but it downloads the
> > >>> whole 390 + pagebook
> > >>>
> > >>> -----Original Message-----
> > >>> From: xmca-l-bounces@mailman.ucsd.edu [mailto:xmca-l-bounces@mailman
> > >>> .ucsd.edu] On Behalf Of mike cole
> > >>> Sent: Saturday, August 06, 2016 11:22 AM
> > >>> To: eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity
> > >>> Subject: [Xmca-l] Re: Solids and Liquids/Entities and dynamic flows
> > >>>
> > >>> My apologies for not appending the reference. For some reason part of
> > my
> > >>> message disappeared, the ref included. Odd wanderings of fingers not
> > under
> > >>> proper control. I only have this book in hard copy. If anyone has it
> > in a
> > >>> pdf, please send to the group.
> > >>> If nothing turns up in the next day or so I will scan the chapter and
> > >>> post it. I do not love all that it has to say, but it seems
> worthwhile
> > for
> > >>> those interested in the issues.
> > >>>
> > >>> mike
> > >>>
> > >>> Adams, G., & Markus, H.R., (2003). Toward a conception of culture
> > >>> suitable for a social psychology of culture. In, M. Schaller, M., &
> > C.S.
> > >>> Crandall (Eds.). *The Psychological Foundations of Culture. Erlbaum.
> > >>> Mahwah, NJ. pp.
> > >>> 335-360.*
> > >>>
> > >>> On Fri, Aug 5, 2016 at 11:58 PM, Rod Parker-Rees <
> > >>> R.Parker-Rees@plymouth.ac.uk> wrote:
> > >>>
> > >>>> Many thanks for this, Mike.
> > >>>>
> > >>>> I too would love to read this article. I am particularly interested
> in
> > >>>> the way many cultures (some more than others) tend to nail down
> flows
> > >>>> and processes by turning verbs into nouns. While there is a
> > >>>> developmental model which emphasises flow and change there are
> others
> > >>>> which aim to halt or dam the flow by identifying stages (like locks
> > >>>> along a river?) which can be thought about more as things. And there
> > >>>> are versions of social psychology which focus more on relationships,
> > >>> interactions and intersubjectivity.
> > >>>>
> > >>>> I think there is something about the necessary abstractness of
> > >>>> concepts (which have to be sufficiently pulled out from specific
> > >>>> contexts to allow them to be shared) that draws them towards
> > >>>> reification, turning a flow into a thing (the river, the flow!). But
> > >>>> in our lived experience the past runs into the present and the
> future
> > >>>> also shapes the flow. I think the idea of perezhivanie catches this
> > >>>> idea of a reciprocity between our past social experiences and the
> way
> > >>> we make sense of what flows our way.
> > >>>>
> > >>>> Sorry if this seems vague and fluid!
> > >>>>
> > >>>> All the best,
> > >>>>
> > >>>> Rod
> > >>>>
> > >>>> On 6 Aug 2016 1:23 am, mike cole <mcole@ucsd.edu> wrote:
> > >>>> I stumbled over an article on the "the psychological foundations of
> > >>>> culture" with a summary/discussion article by Adams and Markus. (ref
> > >>>> below). The authors contrast two prominent definitions/theories of
> > >>>> culture prominent in the literature on the relationship between
> > >>>> culture and human psychological processes. The characterization
> struck
> > >>>> me forcefully as an example of Bauman's solid-liquid distinction in
> a
> > >>>> different discourse stream, providing food for thought on the topic
> of
> > >>>> mind, culture, and activity.
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>> One approach is closely related to developmental approaches such as
> my
> > >>>> own, Barbara Rogoff, Patricia Greenfield, Mike Tomasello). It traces
> > >>>> its origins to ploughshares and agriculture, the process of making
> > >>>> things grow, nurturing. a process transpiring over time. The other
> > >>>> (Social Psychology) adopts "the customary beliefs, social forms, of
> a
> > >>>> racial, religious, or social group."
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>> The first, developmental approach is said to view "culture as
> dynamic
> > >>>> process or flowing medium" while the second, social psychology view
> is
> > >>>> described as an "entity conception of culture." The entity
> conception
> > >>>> "implies a conception of culture as a relatively 'fixed' system of
> > >>>> "customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits." It also
> > >>>> associates this system with readily identifiable 'racial, religious,
> > or
> > >>> social group."
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>> The authors then list "several undesireable consequences" of
> adopting
> > >>>> the entity point of view. I found these very interesting. I will
> just
> > >>>> list them. If there is sufficient interest I can get a scan of the
> > >>> chapter made.
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>> Stereotyping
> > >>>>
> > >>>> Homogenizing
> > >>>>
> > >>>> Essentializing
> > >>>>
> > >>>> Reifying
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>> There is, unfortunately, no similar list for the liquid,
> > >>>> developmental, perspective. Liquids, Bauman remind us can spill and
> > >>>> spoil the rug and need to be contained. They flow, to be sure, but
> > >>>> that flow is constrained by a cup.
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>> The authors adopt a view they call "culture as patterns."
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>> The juxtaposition of these readings and the ongoing discussion of
> the
> > >>>> 11 ox paintings has induced me to think again about long standing
> > >>>> ideas. Always enlightening. Thanks.
> > >>>>
> > >>>>
> > >>>> mike
> > >>>>
> > >>>> --
> > >>>>
> > >>>> It is the dilemma of psychology to deal as a natural science with an
> > >>>> object that creates history. Ernst Boesch
> > >>>> ________________________________
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> > >>>
> > >>>
> > >>> --
> > >>>
> > >>> It is the dilemma of psychology to deal as a natural science with an
> > >>> object that creates history. Ernst Boesch
> > >>>
> > >>>
> > >>>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> --
> > >>
> > >> It is the dilemma of psychology to deal as a natural science with an
> > object
> > >> that creates history. Ernst Boesch
> > >>
> > >>
> > >>
> > >
> > >
> > > --
> > >
> > > It is the dilemma of psychology to deal as a natural science with an
> > object
> > > that creates history. Ernst Boesch
> >
> >
> >
>



-- 

It is the dilemma of psychology to deal as a natural science with an object
that creates history. Ernst Boesch