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[Xmca-l] The tradition of BILDUNG

Dewey wrote a passage in "Democracy and Education" which stated:
"If we are willing to conceive education as the process of *forming*
fundamental dispositions, intellectual and emotional, toward nature and
fellow-men, philosophy may even be defined AS THE GENERAL THEORY OF
EDUCATION" [emphasis in original] (p.338)

James Garrison, in the article "Identifying Traces of Hegelian BILDUNG in
Dewey's Philosophical System" has this to say concerning the above quote by

"It is however, easy to interpret this statement if we think of philosophy
and education as BILDUNG. Dispositions are habits or attitudes that are
formed [BILD] primarily by participating in the norms, beliefs, and values
of institutionalized social practices" [page 3]

Dewey wrote passionately about *education THROUGH life* in contrast to the
value of *education FOR life*
The Greek term *dia* in *dialogue* means *through*. Therefore, dialogue is
expression THROUGH logos [word].

The terms *bild* [form] within *bildung* and the term *dia* [through]
within dialogue are intimately related concepts that express a *tradition*
[and a genre] which links Hegel's and Vygotsky's and Dewey's projects in a
bildung tradition which shares a*resemblance* or *affinity* within the
bildung tradition with roots in neo-humanist understandings.

Kozulin, I believe is writing within this spirit of *bildung* as
incarnating *spirit* THROUGH [dia] life.
If we this summer read  chapters four [Tool and Symbol in Human
Development] and five  [Thought and Language] of Kozulin's  book.

Returning to James Garrison, He wrote,

"We could describe this whole process of endless learning and growth as
dialectic, a hermeneutic circle, or, my preference, a trans-action. We
could also call what I have been describing is a philosophy of BILDUNG. My
paper briefly examines some aspects of the architectonic of Dewey's
philosophy as constituents of a philosophy of BILDUNG" [page 2]

The article can be found at this address:


Larry Purss