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Re: [xmca] Vygotsky, Leontiev and Luria
- To: "eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- Subject: Re: [xmca] Vygotsky, Leontiev and Luria
- From: Wagner Luiz Schmit <email@example.com>
- Date: Mon, 19 Sep 2011 12:03:16 -0300
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This thesis topic and has not to do with my RPG researches: For two years
now I've been searching for an adviser interested in the topic of RPG in
Brazil (my former adviser is on program with only master degree), so in
order to do my PhD in Brazil i will have to change topics... I am also
trying PhD scholarship in other countries but it is hard (right now i am on
the waiting list in Japan and will try Finland), and outside Brazil my RPG
research attracted some interest...
But yes, despite the main topic I pursue in PhD, I will research both. In
our research group this need to understand the theoretical differences
between the "troika" is growing a lot, even more after some readings on the
Vygotsky's works on Pedology and Defectology... And as a game reseracher I
will have to understand the differences between Elkonin (some friends say he
is more "Leontiev like") and Gunilla Lindqvist (from Monica Nilsson article
seems more "Vygotsky like") about play theory. I still have a lot to read
My perception is that after the 1930 more or less the three (Vygotsky,
Leontiev and Luria) cooperate with each other in private and professional
life but do not necessary agree at theoretical level.
"Interestingly, adolescents, and particularly adolescent girls, appear to be
much more interested in the textual possibilities of electronic media."
Interesting of you by pointing this out: Pavão in a research about the
reading and writing practices of table-top RPG players in Brazil also
pointed out that boys most often liked games more combat and action oriented
(like Dungeons and Dragons) and girls liked more games more focused in drama
and narrative (Like Vampire the Masquerade). She used Bakhtin as reference
to her analyses.
2011/9/15 David Kellogg <email@example.com>
> What a delightful thesis topic! I agree that the THEORETICAL differences
> between the three great men is under-researched: Anton's thesis focuses
> (like a laser beam) on the history of their inter-relationships, but it is
> not always easy to tell from this (or from the letters) how differently they
> thought. Mike and Kozulin have both noted the big differences implicit in
> the Leontiev-Vygotsky split, but nobody has really spelled out the
> ramifications for our own times.
> Here's one thing that for me is a litmus test. Luria, in the early 1930s,
> takes a strong interest in comparing fraternal and identical twins (to each
> other and to non-twins). The idea is to tease out the differences between
> "natural" functions and "cultural" ones by comparing the performance, on
> memory tests, of genetically and environmentally identical subjects with
> genetically-but-not-environmentally-identical subjects.
> Vygotsky is mildly interested in these experiments and mentions them with
> curiosity, but he is a lot more cautious about the idea that there can ever
> be any such thing as a purely "natural", "genetic" function. And by the
> 1950s, Leontiev (whose work on memory is a very important starting point for
> both Luria and Vygotsky) is a simple Lysenkoist. He argues that genetics and
> heredity simply do not exist at all, and this is a position that he does not
> give up even late in life when it is no longer officially sanctioned. This
> is why Leontiev's work is really not compatible with any modern statement of
> the problem of heredity.
> Of course, Vygotsky DOES talk about how the genetic endowment of man will
> be subjected to his volition by his social emancipation (in "The Socialist
> Alteration of Man"). But he places this far in the future (in fact, when I
> look at the number of my students and colleagues who are undergoing cosmetic
> surgery, I sometimes wonder if he did not place it too far in the future).
> But both he and Luria decisvely reject the Lysenko position, in "Tool and
> Sign in Child Devleopment".
> The Lysenkoist position (which turns out to be not quite as empirically
> far-fetched as we usually think) is theoretically wrong because it suggests
> a gross confusion between ontogenesis and phylogenesis: phylogenesis can
> simply be reverse engineered from ontogenetic and even microgenetic changes.
> This was exactly the reverse of Bekhterev's reactological view, which was
> that ontogenesis consisted of the same kinds of changes that had gone into
> phylogenesis. Vygotsky and Luria, with somewhat different emphases, are all
> about inserting sociogenesis into the middle: development MUST mean that the
> principle which explained change on one timescale cannot be the same as the
> principle which explains change at another.
> I was wondering this morning whether your thesis topic had anything to do
> with video games and RPGs or whether it represented a completely new
> direction for you. It seems to me that it MIGHT actually be related, because
> there are quite a few RPGs (especially here in Korea) which depend very
> heavily on graphics and SFX . Even the storylines tend to emphasize
> functions that both Vygotsky and Luria would call "natural" (e.g.
> throat-slitting and "making the beast with two backs", but also Lysenko-like
> transformations of the genetic endowment). Interestingly, adolescents, and
> particularly adolescent girls, appear to be much more interested in the
> textual possibilities of electronic media.
> David Kellogg
> Hankuk Institute of Foreign Studies
> --- On Thu, 9/15/11, Wagner Luiz Schmit <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
> From: Wagner Luiz Schmit <email@example.com>
> Subject: Re: [xmca] Vygotsky, Leontiev and Luria
> To: "eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
> Date: Thursday, September 15, 2011, 12:29 PM
> Thanks Ulvi,
> I already read the Anton Yasnitsky thesis (and in it he says that this was
> just the begining), it brings a lot of historical context. Also i've read
> some of Vygotsky's personal correspondence (in some it seems like the
> "Troika" had a "truce" about theory but did not agree in some important
> things - in the letters i've read vygotsky does not point what and how)...
> But i want to know if someone already compared Vygotsky, Leontiev and Luria
> theories under these historical contexts.
> 2011/9/15 ulvi icil <email@example.com>
> > Anton Yasnitsky studied the period 1931-41 for this three in a PhD...
> > 2011/9/15 Wagner Luiz Schmit <firstname.lastname@example.org>
> > > Estimate colleagues,
> > >
> > > I want to know if anyone can point out a work or works about the way
> > > theories of Vygotsky, Luria and Leontiev meet and depart? With
> > > contextualization?
> > > I'm thinking in researching this in my PhD and i don't want to propose
> > > something someone already done.
> > >
> > > Wagner Luiz Schmit
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