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Re: [xmca] Shared knowledge as Common Ground

Hello Mike,

May I have a copy of the Herb Clark article please?

Thanks very much,
Judith Brown
Ottawa, Canada
----- Original Message ----- From: "mike cole" <lchcmike@gmail.com>
To: "eXtended Mind, Culture, Activity" <xmca@weber.ucsd.edu>
Sent: Monday, October 25, 2010 7:19 PM
Subject: Re: [xmca] Shared knowledge as Common Ground

Lucas-- I was able to grab the Herb Clark article. Concerned as it is with
joint, mediated, activity and the material/ideal nature of mediation, it has
to be close to my heart.
If others are interested, i can send a pdf.

The issue of "grounding" also comes up in wertsch's writings on the
given/new distinction, i think when he
discusses Rommetveit. Very worthwhile discussion and expansion as a topic.

I would also note that the entire issue of Discourse Studies should be
interesting people in this
discussion, from the introduction of x-lchc-ite Sandro Duranti to the
discussion around Manny Schegeloff's work (another x-lchc-ite from loooooong

Like old home week! thanks.


On Fri, Oct 22, 2010 at 12:25 AM, Lucas Bietti <lucas@bietti.org> wrote:

Just a quick clarification. H.Clark's book is titled 'Using Language'.
Interestingly, in the last years Clark and Nick Enfield have been using the concept of Common Ground in multimodal interactions incorporating material

Clark, H. (2005). Coordinating each other in a material world. Discourse
Studies7 (4-5), 507-525.
Enfield, N.J. (2006). Social consequences of common ground. In N.J. Enfield
S.C. Levinson (eds.), Roots of human sociality: Culture, cognition and
interaction(pp.399-430). Oxford: Berg.
Enfield, N.J. (2008). Common ground as a resource for social affiliation.
I.Kecskes & J.L. (eds), Intention, common ground and the egocentric
speaker-hearer(pp.223-254). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Enfield,N.J.(2009). The anatomy of meaning: Speech, gesture, and composite
utterances. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hope this helps

On October 21, 2010 at 10:32 PM Larry Purss <lpscholar2@gmail.com> wrote:

> I just read an interesting article on shared knowledge acquisition
> and shared perception that develops as doctors participate in  joint
> activity within the operating room.
> When reading it I was thinking of Jay Lemke's article on how changing
> media facilitate different forms of shared knowlege.
> The article is an examination of communicative activity in an operating
> where there is an attendant, a resident, and a third year medical > student
> and how they are developing shared perceptions and shared knowledge
> a particular situation.  The authors are usin a pragmatic model of
> "reference repair" proposed by  Clark and Marshall [1981]
> Clark's model in 1981 was referring to "mutual knowledge" but in 1996 > in
> book titled "Using Knowledge" he expanded the notion of mutual > knowledge
> a broader category of "common ground"
> Clark's proposed model of reference repair is expressed by the formula
> Evidence + Asumptions + Induction schema = Mutual knowledge [or common
> ground]
> g
> Evidence is the ground that both speaker and hearer both understand > some
> matter in the same way.
> Assumptions are the things taken for granted when accepting these > grounds
> warrants
> Inductive schema is a RECURSIVE relation where evidence and assumptions
> interrelated or linked. Weaker bases of evidence [shared knowledge] > must
> compensated by increasing levels of assumptions.
> The authors in the discussion section of there article wrote
> "We are in full accord with Clark's shift from a treatment of reference
as a
> simple matter of linquistic interpretation to a more situated model > that
> encpmpasses "joint actions" and "joint perceptual experiences" and we
> this this [theory] ... would help to illuminate how participants' own
> unfolding activities contribute to the determinant sense of what IS
> at any given moment. Furthermore, we have much to learn about the
> interactions between different kinds of bases of shared understanding".
> Not sure if others will find the article interesting.  It is another
> perspective on the theme of "co-ordinating perspectives"  through
> "reflective capacity" as a "socio-relational" process.
> Larry
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